Periodontal disease affects the area around the tooth; the gums and bone. When leftover food and bacteria is left, it forms a sticky substance called plaque. Plaque turns into tartar, and tartar starts to infect the gums and bone that support your teeth. Periodontal disease forms and causes your gums to become red, swollen, and bleed. If you experience soreness or bleeding gums, contact our Raleigh dentist immediately.
Periodontal disease is common and doesn’t always show symptoms right away. Four out of five people with periodontal disease don’t even know it.
Research has shown that periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss, and is also linked to stroke, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, pneumonia, and other diseases, and researchers are also looking into inflammation and bacteria from periodontal disease affecting these diseases. Your risk of getting periodontal disease increases with smoking. Practicing good oral hygiene, eating a healthy, well-balanced diet, and getting regular dental check-ups from our Raleigh dentist can all help prevent periodontal disease from developing.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
- Gum bleeding – bleeding gums are never normal.
- Loose teeth – bone loss or weakened fibers can cause teeth to become loose and even fall out.
- Increasing gaps between teeth – bone loss can cause new spaces between your teeth.
- Bad breath – bacteria in the mouth can cause constant bad breath.
- Pus in your mouth – pus forming around your teeth or gums can signal an infection in your mouth.
- Gum recession – gums receding around a tooth can be a red flag for infection.
- Gum swelling – red or swollen gums are never normal.
- Soreness or tenderness – sore or tender gums can mean that plaque, tartar and bacteria are irritating your gums.